senators were solid for ratification." Crapol, 2006,. He recognized the independence of Texas." Malone, 1960,. The issue was a critical one, as the size of Texas would be immensely increased if the international border were set at the Rio Grande River, with its headwaters in the Rocky Mountains, rather than the traditionally recognized boundary at the Nueces River, 100 miles. 79 Tyler, in his annual address to Congress in December 1843, maintained his silence on the secret treaty, so as not to damage relations with the wary Texas diplomats. 15: "Tyler dispatched a courier to Texas offering annexation under the Brown-amended version of the House bill. Democrats saved Representative Milton Brown Whiggery, voting to add Brown's amendment to the joint congressional resolution admitting slavery. 48 President Tyler was expelled from the Whig party in 1841 for repeatedly vetoing their domestic finance legislation. Moreover, if the Republic of Texas, a nation in its own right, were admitted as a state, its territorial boundaries, property relations (including slave property debts and public lands would require a Senate-ratified treaty.
213: "Tyler was true to his word." Crapol, 2006,. 575 Freehling, 1991,. 194 Republican President Benjamin Harrison (18891893) attempted, in 1893, to annex Hawaii through a Senate treaty. 160 161 His original proposal for an annexed Texas had embodied a national compromise, whereby Texas would be divided in two, half slave-soil and half free-soil. the discovery of a British 'plot' to abolitionize Texas. Furthermore, the Brown amendment would delegate to the.S. On the contrary, Senator Benton and others maintained that if Texas were admitted as a state, without any stipulation of terms, this would be a treaty requiring the assent of two-thirds of the Senate. To wit, Texas would cede all its public lands to the United States, and the federal government would assume all its bonded debt, up to 10 million. 35 American citizens who considered migrating to the new republic perceived that "life and property were safer within the United States" than in an independent Texas. Calhoun, who schemed to deliver the Tyler-Texas annexation treaty on a pro-southern agenda In late September 1843, in an effort to cultivate public support for Texas, Secretary Upshur dispatched a letter to the US Minister to Great Britain, Edward Everett, conveying his displeasure with Britain's. 447 Sellers, 1966,. 130 In his annual address to Congress on December 4, he declared the Polk victory a mandate for Texas annexation 131 and proposed that Congress adopt a joint resolution procedure by which simple majorities in each house could secure ratification for the Tyler treaty.